During my extensive career in IT, I often ran into Microsoft Excel. One of my first projects was leveraging Excel to create documentation for a telco for site surveys. I build a solution with Visual Basic for Applications, a programming language for Excel, and all the other Microsoft Office programs like Word and PowerPoint. With VBA, I could generate multiple worksheets in a Workbook filled with static and dynamic data – from a user’s input or configuration file. Once populated with data and rendered, the Workbook was converted to a Portable Document Format (PDF).
Over the last couple of years, I had other projects involving Excel. In this post, I will dive into the details of implementations (use cases) concerning Excel Workbooks. One project involved processing Excel files in a Container running on an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) cluster, the other generating an Excel Workbook for reporting purposes orchestrated by an Azure Logic App.
Use Case – Processing an Excel Workbook in a Container
The use case was as follows. In short, I was working on a project for a client a few years ago that required processing a standardized Excel template that their customers could provide for enrichment. The data in the excel file needed to end in a database for further processing (enrichment) so that it could be presented back to them. The diagram below shows the process of a customer uploading an Excel file via an API. The API would store the Excel in an Azure storage container and trigger code inside a container responsible for processing (parsing the Excel to JSON). The second container had code persist the data in SQL Azure.
The code snippet (as an example) responsible for processing the Excel file:
For creating the Excel Workbook and its sheet with data, I found the EPPlus library, a spreadsheet library for the .NET framework and .NET core. In the project, I imported the EPPlus NuGet package – specifically, I used the ExcelPackage class.
Now let’s move on to the second use case.
Use Case – Generating an Excel Report in Azure
In a recent project for another customer, I had to generate a report of products inside D365 that needed to be an Excel File (a workbook containing a worksheet with data). The file had to be written to an on-premises file share to allow the target system to consume it. The solution I built was using a Logic App to orchestrate the project of generating the Excel file.
Below you see a diagram visualizing the steps from triggering a package in D365 until the writing of the Excel file in a file share on-premises.
The steps are:
- Logic App triggering a package in D365 (schedule trigger).
- Executing the package to retrieve and export data to a SQL Azure Database.
- Query by the same Logic App that triggered the package to retrieve the data from the SQL Azure Database.
- Passing the data to (the result of the query) to an Azure Function, which will create an Excel Workbook with one sheet containing the data in a given format. The function will write the Excel to an Azure Storage container.
- Subsequently, the Logic App will download and write the file to the on-premises file share (leveraging the On-Premises Data Gateway – ODPGW).
The sequence diagram below shows the flow (orchestration) of the process.
And below is a part of the Logic App workflow definition resembling the sequence diagram above.
The code snippet (as an example) in the Azure Function responsible for creating the Excel file:
For the creation of the Excel Workbook and sheet with data, I used NPOI – an open-source project which can help you read/write XLS, DOC, and PPT file extensions. In Visual Studio, I imported NPOI NuGet Package. The package covers most of the features of Excel like styling, formatting, data formulas, extracting images, etc. In addition, it does not require the presence of Microsoft Office. Furthermore, I used the StorageAccountClass to write the Excel file.
Microsoft Excel is a popular product available for decades and used by millions of people ranging from businesses heavily relying on Excel to home users for basic administration. Moreover, in IT, Excel is used in many scenarios such as project planning, environment overviews, project member administration, reporting, etc. As said earlier, I have encountered Microsoft Excel various times in my career and built solutions involving the product. The two use-cases are examples of that.
In the first example, I faced a challenge finding a library that supported .NET Core 2.0. I found EPPlus, which did the job for us after experimenting with it first. In the second example, the cost and simplicity were the benefits of using the NPOI library. There were constraints in the project to use solutions with a cost (subscription-based or one-off). Furthermore, the solution proved to be stable enough to generate the report.
Note that the libraries I found are not the only ones available to work with Excel. For instance, SpreadsheetGear, and others, which are listed here. In Logic Apps, you can find connectors that can do the job for you, such as CloudMersive (API you connect to convert, for instance, CSV to Excel).
I do feel with code you have the most flexibility when it comes to dealing with Excel. A standard, of-the-shelve can do the job for you, however, cost (licensing) might be involved or other considerations. What you choose in your scenarios depends on the given context and requirements.